Native California

Native California

The Echilat village thrived on The Preserve for 1,500 years.


When Franciscan missionaries landed at Monterey in 1770, they were welcomed by natives whose community extended from the coast to the heart of The Preserve. They called their confederation the Ohlone and themselves the Rumsen. One of their villages, Echilat, thrived for about 1,500 years along Las Garzas Creek, from its wooded canyon narrows though the Hacienda's site to marshlands near present-day Moore's Lake.

In 1853, with their numbers in decline, the Rumsen led other California tribes in a revival of aboriginal ways. By the end of the Civil War, however, the last few Rumsen had moved to southern California. In 1995 Santa Lucia Preserve hosted tribal members at a luncheon honoring their ancestors, the first to establish a community here a millennium and a half ago.

Native California - Monterey Native American History, California Native American History